This blog of the Lebanese Center for Human Rights (CLDH) aims at granting the public opinion access to all information related to the Special Tribunal for Lebanon : daily press review in english, french and arabic ; UN documents, etc...

Ce blog du
Centre Libanais des droits humains (CLDH) a pour objectif de rendre accessible à l'opinion publique toute l'information relative au Tribunal Spécial pour le Liban : revue de presse quotidienne en anglais, francais et arabe ; documents onusiens ; rapports, etc...


July 13, 2010 - Now Lebanon - STL hears Sayyed’s request for his investigation’s files

The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) on Tuesday held a public hearing in the Dutch town of Leidschendam on former General Security head Brigadier General Jamil as-Sayyed’s request for files related to his detention in Lebanon from 2005 to 2009.

Sayyed was held on allegations of involvement in the 2005 assassination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri. Due to lack of evidence, he was released in 2009 without being formally charged.

Pre-trial Judge Daniel Fransen began the proceedings by saying that the hearing was concerned with whether Sayyed’s request fell within the STL’s jurisdiction and whether Sayyed has the legal standing to bring his request to the tribunal.

A representative from STL Prosecutor Daniel Bellemare’s office said that Sayyed’s request fell outside the court’s jurisdiction. The representative added that even if the request were within the STL’s jurisdiction, it would have to be rejected because Sayyed has no standing before the court.

Sayyed’s lawyer, Akram Azouri, described to the court how Sayyed’s legal efforts to obtain the files have so far failed. He said that Sayyed has the right to view his file to learn why he had been falsely accused and detained.

Azouri added that Syria does not recognize the STL. He also said that Syria’s courts are responsible for trying its country’s nationals, referring to former Syrian intelligence officer Mohammed Zuhair al-Siddiq.

Sayyed in December filed a lawsuit in Damascus against Siddiq and a number of other Syrian and and Lebanese officials, accusing them of slander, falsifying testimonies and depriving him of his freedom.

The former brigadier general thanked Judge Fransen for the hearing, saying his release shows that he is a victim of perjury.

He voiced hope that the STL would hold his perjurers accountable and added that without access to his file he cannot take them to trial.

Fransen did not specify when he would issue his verdict on Sayyed’s case, but said that the ruling might come at the beginning of September.

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Background - خلفية

On 13 December 2005 the Government of the Lebanese Republic requested the UN to establish a tribunal of an international character to try all those who are alleged responsible for the attack of 14 february 2005 that killed the former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and 22 others. The United Nations and the Lebanese Republic consequently negotiated an agreement on the establishment of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon.

Liens - Links - مواقع ذات صلة

The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, David Schenker , March 30, 2010 . Beirut Spring: The Hariri Tribunal Goes Hunting for Hizballah

Frederic Megret, McGill University, 2008. A special tribunal for Lebanon: the UN Security Council and the emancipation of International Criminal Justice

International Center for Transitional Justice Handbook on the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, April 10, 2008

United Nations
Conférence de presse de Nicolas Michel, 19 Sept 2007
Conférence de presse de Nicolas Michel, 27 Mars 2008

Département d'Etat américain
* 2009 Human Rights report
* 2008 Human Rights report
* 2007 Human Rights report
* 2006 Human Rights report
* 2005 Human Rights report

ICG - International Crisis Group
The Hariri Tribunal: Separate the Political and the Judicial, 19 July, 2007. [Fr]

HCSS - Hague Centre for strategic studies
Hariri, Homicide and the Hague

Human Rights Watch
* Hariri Tribunal can restore faith in law, 11 may 2006
* Letter to Secretary-General Kofi Annan, april 27, 2006

Amnesty International
* STL insufficient without wider action to combat impunity
* Liban : le Tribunal de tous les dangers, mai 2007
* Jeu de mecano

Courrier de l'ACAT - Wadih Al Asmar
Le Tribunal spécial pour le Liban : entre espoir et inquiétude

Georges Corm
La justice penale internationale pour le Liban : bienfait ou malediction?

Nadim Shedadi and Elizabeth Wilmshurt, Chatham House
The Special Tribunal for Lebanon : the UN on Trial?, July 2007

Issam Michael Saliba, Law Library of Congress
International Tribunals, National Crimes and the Hariri Assassination : a novel development in International Criminal Law, June 2007

Mona Yacoubian, Council on Foreign Relations
Linkages between Special UN Tribunal, Lebanon, and Syria, June 1, 2007