This blog of the Lebanese Center for Human Rights (CLDH) aims at granting the public opinion access to all information related to the Special Tribunal for Lebanon : daily press review in english, french and arabic ; UN documents, etc...

Ce blog du
Centre Libanais des droits humains (CLDH) a pour objectif de rendre accessible à l'opinion publique toute l'information relative au Tribunal Spécial pour le Liban : revue de presse quotidienne en anglais, francais et arabe ; documents onusiens ; rapports, etc...


August 23, 2010 - Daily Star - Aoun: STL is an 'international plot' that does not seek justice

FPM leader urges plan to resist naturalization of refugees
By The Daily Star

BEIRUT: Free Patriotic Movement (FPM) leader MP Michel Aoun said on Sunday that the UN-backed tribunal was an international plot aimed against Lebanon rather than a court seeking justice in the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.

“Lebanon is being subject to conspiracy and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon [STL] is turning into an international game rather than seeking justice,” Aoun said during a tour in the Kesrouan District.

“Those who killed former Prime Minister Hariri are not Lebanese even if they are agents of Lebanese nationality,” he added.

Aoun went further to stress that the side behind Hariri’s murder sought to serve international interests particularly the naturalization of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon.

The FPM leader called on the Cabinet to put in place a plan to resist the naturalization of refugees while stressing that “verbal resistance” would not prevent such a plot.

Last week, Parliament approved a bill lifting former restrictions on employment for Palestinian refugees, who were granted the right to work in any field open to foreigners with benefits including social security from a special established fund.

“Why does Lebanon lack the right to negotiate the issue of the right of return of Palestinian refugees?” Aoun asked.

“We rejected the division of Palestine but it was divided, we rejected the displacement of Palestinians but they were displaced, we rejected the abolition of the Palestinian refugees’ right of return but they did not return,” Aoun added.

Commenting on the issue of spies for Israel, Aoun said “falling as a prey to wrongdoing was normal while those pretending that they are above all wrongdoing are sinners.”

Aoun stressed that the Lebanese Army would remain united despite the uncovering of spies within its ranks.

“Some point to the arrest of a former major general and they forgot that among 11 other major generals who were under my command, two were elected president,” the former army general said in reference to former Major General and FPM official Fayez Karam who was recently arrested on suspicion of spying for Israel.

Tackling the issue of reforming the country’s infrastructure, Aoun vowed to push for the implementation of developmental projects in the Kesrouan District, beginning with the water, electricity and transportation sectors.

Aoun added that the lack of interest in reforming infrastructure was part of a conspiracy since 1990 aimed at driving Lebanese people to poverty and encouraging them to emigrate.

“We are resisting [such schemes] through planning projects,” Aoun said while calling on Kesrouan residents to resist through “protests to force the implementation of these [developmental] plans.”

Meanwhile FPM official and Energy and Water Resources Minister Jibran Bassil, who accompanied Aoun during his Kesrouan tour, stressed that building dams would become a necessity if the country faced a water-shortage crisis.

Bassil made his statement from the Shabrouh dam site in the Kesrouan town of Faraya.

“The Shabrouh dam is the last one to be built 30 years ago after 10 years of debate and five years of implementation … I believe this dam provided water supply to Kesrouan residents contrary to the past and we are working on solving minor problems in supplying water to some nearby towns,” Bassil said.

Bassil highlighted that project studies for 43 dams had been conducted but their implementation awaited Cabinet’s allocation of required funds.

“We are discussing the establishment of only 10 dams out of 43 but we should begin work as soon as possible,” Bassil said, adding that he would raise the issue during the Cabinet’s next meeting. – The Daily Star

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Background - خلفية

On 13 December 2005 the Government of the Lebanese Republic requested the UN to establish a tribunal of an international character to try all those who are alleged responsible for the attack of 14 february 2005 that killed the former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and 22 others. The United Nations and the Lebanese Republic consequently negotiated an agreement on the establishment of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon.

Liens - Links - مواقع ذات صلة

The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, David Schenker , March 30, 2010 . Beirut Spring: The Hariri Tribunal Goes Hunting for Hizballah

Frederic Megret, McGill University, 2008. A special tribunal for Lebanon: the UN Security Council and the emancipation of International Criminal Justice

International Center for Transitional Justice Handbook on the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, April 10, 2008

United Nations
Conférence de presse de Nicolas Michel, 19 Sept 2007
Conférence de presse de Nicolas Michel, 27 Mars 2008

Département d'Etat américain
* 2009 Human Rights report
* 2008 Human Rights report
* 2007 Human Rights report
* 2006 Human Rights report
* 2005 Human Rights report

ICG - International Crisis Group
The Hariri Tribunal: Separate the Political and the Judicial, 19 July, 2007. [Fr]

HCSS - Hague Centre for strategic studies
Hariri, Homicide and the Hague

Human Rights Watch
* Hariri Tribunal can restore faith in law, 11 may 2006
* Letter to Secretary-General Kofi Annan, april 27, 2006

Amnesty International
* STL insufficient without wider action to combat impunity
* Liban : le Tribunal de tous les dangers, mai 2007
* Jeu de mecano

Courrier de l'ACAT - Wadih Al Asmar
Le Tribunal spécial pour le Liban : entre espoir et inquiétude

Georges Corm
La justice penale internationale pour le Liban : bienfait ou malediction?

Nadim Shedadi and Elizabeth Wilmshurt, Chatham House
The Special Tribunal for Lebanon : the UN on Trial?, July 2007

Issam Michael Saliba, Law Library of Congress
International Tribunals, National Crimes and the Hariri Assassination : a novel development in International Criminal Law, June 2007

Mona Yacoubian, Council on Foreign Relations
Linkages between Special UN Tribunal, Lebanon, and Syria, June 1, 2007